Recommendation # 1Since June 2011, there has been a dramatic spike in violence in the border regions of Abyei, South Kordofan and the Blue Nile state along the border of North and South Sudan. The UN estimates approximately 200, 000 have fled South Kordofan and thousands more are fleeing the Blue Nile State. Although both the rebels and the North are engaged in military conflict, the North has largely been responsible for most of the deaths, using aerial bombardments and ground forces to launch attacks and deny access to humanitarian organizations.1. The Canadian government should dispatch researchers to the Sudan border regions and Ethiopia to investigate, document, and statistically verify the occurrence of mass atrocities from refugees who have escaped the violence.2. Canada should demand the North allow humanitarian organizations access to populations in need in the border regions where the fighting is taking place.3. Canada should speak out at the UN against the escalating conflict and talk to its international partners to apply pressure on both parties to stop attacks and begin a troop withdrawal.4. Canada’s Foreign Minister should create a bilateral dialogue with his international counterparts to direct their attention to the grave nature of the situation.Recommendation # 2As violence has surged in the wake of South Sudan’s secession, many critical issues remain unresolved. In order to resolve existing conflicts and avoid future conflicts, the Canadian government needs to focus on facilitating a dialogue between both parties in order to resolve the following outstanding issues:1. Border demarcation2. Nationality and citizenship3. Oil revenue sharing4. The future border regions, Abyei, South Kordofan, and the Blue Nile5. Sudan’s external debtsRecommendation # 3In order to effectively prevent, monitor and address grave human rights abuses and mass atrocities, the Government of Canada should create a Sub-Committee for the Prevention of Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity which should be attached to the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development. This would allow Parliament to conduct:• MONITORING: keep MPs informed about the onset of genocide and crimes against humanity, including the identifiable stages of these crimes• PREVENTION: become proactive in its response to such crises, allowing MPs to act early and utilize a wider set of policy mechanisms• COORDINATION: centralize Canada’s institutional approach to the issue of mass atrocities by giving one central committee the mandate to comprehensively monitor, study and recommend courses of actions.