Last time, we talked about meso level factors of restrain. Join us as today we discuss macro level factors! MACRO-LEVEL Macro-level sources of restraint include systems. In terms of political economy, for example, genocide carries high costs. It invites international condemnation and carries significant costs to a state’s reputation, it triggers international arrest warrants, and… Read More

Previously, we talked about what micro level factors of restraint…today, let’s talk about meso level factors! MESO-LEVEL Meso-level sources of restraint include actions taken and positions held by groups and organizations. Groups may hold formal and informal mechanisms that foster cooperation by facilitating inter-communal, mutually-beneficial cooperation such as marriages, commercial exchanges, and ritualized gift giving. Groups and… Read More

Previously, we talked about what ‘factors of restraint’ are…read that post here! Today, we are going to talk about factors that inhibit the escalation of violence at the micro level. MICRO-LEVEL Micro-level sources of restraint include people and other factors of change. At a personal level, individuals hold values and morals that lead them not… Read More

In “Retreating from the Brink: Theorizing Mass Violence and the Dynamics of Restraint”, Scott Straus proposes a theory to explain the variation among cases that have similar probabilities of escalating to genocide, but in which so do and some do not escalate to the point of mass violence. In response to scholars who point to… Read More

At STAND Canada, we envision a world without genocide. We focus on two conflict regions – the situations in Sudans and the DRC – but that isn’t all we do. Ending genocide means not only trying to end those genocides already occurring, but also to better understand what causes genocide so that we may prevent… Read More